COVID-19’s vaccine a logistical challenge

Monday, January 4, 2021

The first 3,000 doses of the vaccine against Covid-19 from the laboratories Pfizer and his German partner BioNTech arrived to Mexico on December 23. Now that is in the country, what challenges will the distribution pose?

The vaccines of Belgian origin arrived to the country through a global courier company, according to the Assistant Minister of Health.


The challenge begins…


Once the landing of the vaccines was completed, they were moved to freezing machines that could maintain a temperature below 70 degrees below zero. And although Mexico does not have the necessary equipment to do it, Pfizer arranged advanced freezer boxes to preserve them.

Subsequently, the distribution by land began under the protection of SEDENA, which will be in charge of maintaining the security of the doses until they reach their destination.

However, the real challenge begins for the logistics companies involved in the Vaccination Campaign of the Government of Mexico, and is that it is expected that there will be a saturation of maritime and air routes due to the volume of doses to be distributed. This is due to the estimated time for the total distribution of the 198 million vaccines at the beginning of 2022.

Another important point to consider is the reception capacity that Mexico will have for the vaccine in terms of ports, logistics infrastructure, supply chain, among others.

Reverse logistics will be a great ally for the correct distribution of doses, since it allows first to analyze the country’s capacity to receive vaccines and then define a shipping plan so as not to saturate the existing transport.

The main challenges:

  • The number of warehouses equipped with the freezing needs that the vaccine requires.
  • The necessary transport fleet for the distribution of the doses in the country to avoid hindering foreign trade processes.
  • Machines to maintain temperatures below -70 degrees Celsius.
  • Sufficient SEDENA staff to protect the transport of the doses.
  • Problems with road infrastructure in certain areas of the country.