Customs modernization and new technologies to facilitate trade
Customs are the gateway and exit of products or raw materials that are exported and imported. They must comply with current legislation, and foreign trade in the world has gained great relevance in the economy of nations for its impact on the generation of direct and indirect jobs, among other benefits. In this context, customs administrations have become key institutions for the inspection, control and collection of taxes, which have been in existence for a long time, and collaborate with their work to the development of society.
The inspection works so that no goods or intermediate products that could harm the inhabitants of the region or contaminate may enter. As for control, it limits the access of products that could put national industries at risk and regarding the collection of taxes, collect through foreign trade operations and allocate that money to the most priority needs.
However, small and medium sized companies have difficulties to integrate into international trade, not only due to a lack of resources that make it impossible for them to compete, but also, in some cases, due to the legal difficulty of becoming certified and integrated into value chains. It is a reality that paperwork can be one of the obstacles.
Another issue that may be of great interest is the development of customs. For example, customs were created in the European Union in 1968, but over time, the customs authorities of the countries in that region work together as if they were one. In North America, through the North American Free Trade Agreement in force since 1994, and recently modernized and updated (pending ratification), the trade relationship between Mexico, the U.S. and Canada has improved, increased and, of course, streamlined.
An innovative example is that in Japan, with the aim of avoiding long queues in the upcoming Olympic Games, a new electronic customs service was introduced at the airport of Narita that allows you to download an app on your smartphone to answer the usual customs questions, thus obtaining an electronic code that is scanned along with your passport to enter the country.
Finally, France announced that the port of Calais will start a new electronic customs system with massive capacities since it will have 700 additional customs bureaucrats, as well as high technology with the task of avoiding the collapse of the commercial relationship between France and the United Kingdom, due to Brexit.
Source: Heraldo de México.